Bolshoi Opera

Bolshoi Ballet and Opera Theatre. Click to enlarge Works of domestic musical dramatic art firmly established in the repertoire: at first there were operas vaudevilles and ballets-variety entertainments based on folk melodies and stories, and later - full-length operas, the best oI which was "Askold s Grave" by Alexei Verstovsky.

Beginning from 1840-s, operas by Wolvgang Mozart, Joaccino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti, Vincenzo Bellini, Daniel Auber, and others start to appear in the repertoire.

Opera productions of Mikhail Glinka, the founder of Russian classical music, became the most important event in the history of the Bolshoi Theater. Ao stagin: "Ivan Sussanin" in 1842 and "Ruslan and Ludmila" in 1846 the Bolshoi Theater started to create national classical repertoire.

Bolshoi Ballet and Opera Theatre. Click to enlarge
In March 1853, a destructive fire failed to exterminate only the external walls of the theater and its columned front facade. The edifice xi.as restored and slightly reconstructed by the architect Albert Kavos and was opened in 1856. In this appearance, my minor alterations, it exists up to now.

Of great significance to the history of the theater was opera and ballet legacy of the great Russian composer Piotr Chaikovsky. His operas "Eugene Onegin", "The Queen of Spades", "The Cherevichki", "Maxepa", "Iolanta", ballets "The Swan Lake", "The Sleeping Beauty" produced in 1870's - 1890's and later - the ballet "Nutcracker" are placed on golden record. of the repertoire, In 80's and 90's of the XIX century, works of composers from "The Mighty Group" - "Boris Godunov" by Modest Mussorgsky, "Sadko" and "The Snow Maiden" by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, "The Prince Igor" by Alexander Borodin- were produced on the stage of the Bolshoi Theater.

The history of the Bolshoi Theater numbers many distinguished singers who were passing traditions of Russian vocal school and actor s mastery from generation to generation.

The real golden age of Russian vocal-execution school set in at the beginning of the XX th century and was connected with coming to the Bolshoi Theater of Leonid Sobinov, Antonina Nezhdanova, Feodor Shaliapin.

Bolshoi Ballet and Opera theatre. Click to enlarge Creative work of these great actors placed Russian vocal-dramatic art among the best in the world.

Traditions of national Russian ballet started to form on the Bolshoi Theater stage as far back as the beginning of the XIX-th century and were connected with activities ofbaIler-master Adam Glushkovsky, later - with ballet-dancers Ekaterina Sankovskaya, Nadezhda Bogdanova, Praskovia Lebedeva, on the eve and at the beginning of the XX th century - with Liubov Roslavleva, Adelaida Jury, Ekatenna Gueltser, Yassili Tikhomirov, ballet-master Alexander Gorsky.

At the conductor' s desk of opera and ballet- performances there stood conductors Ippolit Altani, Vyacheslav Suk, Sergey Rachmaninov, chorus leader Ulrikh Avranek, sets were designed by Carl Waits, Alexander Golovin, Konstantin Korovin.

After the year of 1917, works of Soviet composers - the operas "The Still Don-River" and "The Upturned Virgin Soil" by Ivan Dzerzhinsky, the ballet "The Red Poppy" by Reingold Glier - ' were produced on the stage of the Bolshoi Theater together with the best works of Russian and foreign classical composers.

Bolshoi Ballet and Opera theatre. Click to enlargeThe operas "The Decembrists" by Juri Shaporin, "The War and the Peace", "Semion Kotko", "The Gambler" by Sergei Prokofiev, "The Optimistic Tragedy" by Alexander Kholminov, "The October" by Vano Muradeli, "The Unknown Soldier" and "Quiet Are the Dawns Here" by Kirill Molchanov, "The Stealing of the Moon" by Otar Taktakishvili, "The Dead Souls" by Rodion Schedrin, the ballets "Romeo and Juliette", "The Cinderella", "Ivan the Terrible", "The Stone Flower" by Sergei Prokofiev, "Spartacus" by Aram Khachaturyan, "Assel" by Vladimir Vlassov, "The Legend of Love" by Arif Melikov, "Anna Karenina", "The Sea-Gull", "The Lady with a Doggy" by Rodion Schedrin, "The Hussar Ballad" by Tikhon Khrennikov, "Aniuta" by Valeri Gavrilin are brilliant productions of the Bolshoi Theatre in 1950s - 1980s.

The opera dramatic art of the XX-th century is represented by the names of Nadezhda Obukhova, Valeria Barsova, Ivan Kozlovsky, Alexander Pirogov, Ksenia Derzhinskaya, Serguei Lemeshev, Mark Reizen, Nikolai Ozerov, Maria Maksakova, Maxim Mikhailov, Dmitri Golovin, Elena Stepanova, Panteleimon Nortsov, Irina Maslennikova, Nikandr Khanaev, Elizaveta Shumskaya, Vera Davydova, Georgi Nelepp, Alexei Ivanov, Ivan Petrov, Alexei Krivchenia, Alexander Ognivtsev.

Bolshoi Opera schedule



Full list of the Bolshoi Opera performances:

Modest Mussorgsky
Boris Godunov (version 1871)
Opera in five acts.
Production by Alexander Sokurov


Modest Mussorgsky
Boris Godunov
Opera in four acts.
Production by Leonid Baratov


Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Die Zauberfloete (The Magic Flute)
Opera in two acts


Pyotr Tchaikovsky
Eugene Onegin
Lyric Scenes.
Production by Dmitriy Chernyakov.


Pyotr Tchaikovsky
Eugene Onegin
(Revival of 1944 production)

Opera in three acts.
Production by Boris Pokrovsky.


Pyotr Tchaikovsky
Iolanta
Opera in two acts


Mikhail Glinka
Ivan Susanin
Opera in four acts


Giacomo Puccini
La Boheme
Opera in three acts


Giuseppe Verdi
Macbeth
Opera in four acts


Giacomo Puccini
Madama Butterfly
Opera in two acts


Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
Mozart and Salieri
Opera in one act


Giuseppe Verdi
Nabucco
Opera in four acts


Leonid Desyatnikov
The Children of Rosenthal
Opera in two acts


Sergei Prokofiev
The Fiery Angel
Opera in five acts


Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
The Golden Cockerel
Opera in three acts


Dmitry Shostakovich
The Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk
Opera in four acts


Sergei Prokofiev
The Love for Three Oranges
Opera in four acts


Pyotr Tchaikovsky
The Queen of Spades
Opera in two acts


Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
The Snow Maiden
Opera in three acts


Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
The Tsar's Bride
Opera in four acts


Giacomo Puccini
Tosca
Opera in three acts


Giacomo Puccini
Turandot
Opera in three acts


Sergei Prokofiev
War and Peace
Opera in two acts


Best Bolshoi Opera photos

Bolshoi Ballet and Opera theatre, Moscow, Russia

Bolshoi Theatre of Russia

Bolshoi Opera Photos

Madam Butterfly (Giacomo Puccini). Premiere of the opera

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Falstaff. Premiere of the opera.

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Boris Godunov. Premiere of the opera in the second author's version

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Magic Flute (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart). Premiere of the opera

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Eugene Onegin. Premiere of the opera

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The Queen of Spades. Premiere of the opera.

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The Children of Rosenthal (Leonid Desyatnikov). World premiere of the opera

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War and Peace. Premiere of the opera.

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